Just how do you make the locale a character in your novel?
I am hardly an authority, having published no novels.
Yet, teaching classes in creative writing when I was a high school teacher has given me some insight.
What do they say? Those who can, do. Those who can't, teach.
If I were all that wise, why am I still not published? But what I do know I am more than willing to share. And what I know might just be so.
Just take what seems reasonable to you and fling the rest to the cyber-winds :
Each city whispers in its own voice. Your city. My city.
You know streets that whisper to stay away at night.
You know what scandal has stained some avenue beyond repair. You know what person's name is spoken in hushed tones long after he or she has died and been buried in your city.
Each city has its own personality. Like a human's, it changes with trauma, years of abuse, and moments of historic impact.
Lifting the veil from the distinctive features of the setting of your novel makes your whole narrative come alive for your reader.
But how do you do that verbal sleight of hand?
Some obvious to tourists. Some that you have to ferret out by research in the library, on the internet, or by listening to a local visitor to your setting.
How does your hero/heroine feel about those details? How have they affected the protagonist and those important to him or her?
Weave those details and emotions into a rich tapestry of irony and longing.
What shadowed corner of your setting is especially dangerous or emotion-laden to your central characters? Why?
Paint a passage where that tapestry flutters in the shadows, not quite completely seen but more evocative because of that.
What era is it in your setting? Has your protagonist lived through more than one era of time in it?
How has the passing seasons shaped his/her mind, opinions, and outlook for the present? For the future? How does your protagonist view his and the setting's past?
As for FRENCH QUARTER NOCTURNE :
I worked on the streets of New Orleans for a time so the images, smells, and despair were fresh in my mind.
Which was a help and a hindrance. What one written detail brought into focus for me would not be in the memories of most of my readers.
I had to enter the blank slate of the reader's mind. Evoke in him/her an archetypal detail of touch, taste, and sight that would paint a landscape of the mind.
Every reading experience is a collaboration between reader and author in that way.
No two readers will take away the same mental images from the same author's words because each reader has his own distinct treasure-trove of memories and beliefs.
Still every author must bring his readers into the "now" of the novel's locale.
Not just by sight but by smell and by touch -- and even more important by the emotions evoked by each of those details.
Go from the universal to the specific with words. Meld detail with the characters' emotions.
In FRENCH QUARTER NOCTURNE I used actual quotes of politicians at the time of Katrina to ground the reader in the reality of the hurricane's aftermath, slowly melding the fantasy aspects so that the fantastic became more acceptable.
And at the same time, I used specific sensory details, blending them in with the main character's emotions to give the locale a personality of its own.
I like to think I succeeded. Only an accepting agent, publication, and the readers will tell. I hope this has been helpful in some small measure.
And here's a little glimpse of Paris :